With Sugano Sensei, you would see him move in freestyle similarly to a basketball player dribbling, moving and looking for an opportunity for a layup. Then he would suddenly turn as an attacker went after him. If someone grabbed him, you would see him unbalance them at the point of contact.
Here you can see his movement in a more classical approach:
Clearly he had strong position, but his movement was not as open as I described above.
Hitohiro Saito did an exercise for freestyle during a seminar when all the attackers would grab. And they meant to grab powerfully and lock him down. He used his strong hips to burst into sudden turning movements. Despite very strong grips, no one could hold on. He simply kept turning throughout the freestyle, never doing a technique. He was demonstrating that you did not even need to do techniques against a grab, as no one could hold him.
These are different styles of training in freestyle and both are quite useful. But I would say that the lesson from Hitohiro Saito’s approach is excellent to build confidence in one’s ability to defend themselves. If you have that skill, then the additional tools of Sugano Sensei’s training are very useful. Of course, Sugano Sensei’s approach is also used in the Iwama style.
A good example here:
You can see the movement of Sugano Sensei, plus a good deal of power in evidence. This shows the benefits of the complete Iwama System.
He was trained extensively by Sugano Sensei for many years. You can see in this video elements of the timing that Sugano Sensei taught. However, from time to time in the freestyle he found himself with two attackers grabbing him at the same time.
These attackers, as was discussed in the videos on attacking, were not there to cooperate and throw themselves once Nathalis directed them. Their intent was to lock him up so they could gang up on him. Nathalis had to generate the power to move two attackers simultaneously, or shove one into another so their attack was disabled.
So by using the timing he learned from Sugano Sensei, and then merging in the practice of strong hips, he was easily able to handle the problem as you can see.
Sugano Sensei did find himself dealing with two attackers simultaneously from time to time. At the moment of contact, typically any attacker would be caught off guard and off balance. I am familiar with the tactic from years of taking ukemi from him. Escaping a multiple grab in that environment was not difficult. But he also showed strong hips and had the ability to move people as needed. However, many senior students of his did have difficulty when faced with this kind of situation. Nathalis, however, was easily able to escape by applying the strong hips he learned in the Iwama style to complement what he learned from Sugano Sensei.
It is interesting that Sugano Sensei did cover the material presented in this video, but from the perspective of flowing technique.
Saito Sensei explained how to attack strongly in static technique so you could follow the process step by step. As Sugano Sensei did not really emphasize static technique, his explanation was related more to flowing technique.
Specifically, he covered how to protect yourself as an attacker both in falling and how to set up the counter. He was succinct. “You should never allow yourself to be placed in a position where you need to break fall.” You had to study. He meant that you should take the development of perception from your throwing practice, and use it to see where the person was going to throw you when you were the attacker. If you get there first and have strong hips (a term he did not use), you would take the fall at your own speed. Also, you were well positioned to counter the technique if the practice session called for it.
Then as far as general practice is concerned, you are offering your body to your partner when you attack, as a means for them to study the elimination of all openings in self defense. This is really a profound practice. So when your partner has a question in one area of the technique, you would suddenly find yourself in a position where you might not fall. Their questions would be amplified and they would have a chance to study the problem and find a solution. If they still had trouble, you might answer their question to the extent you knew something about it.
These methods are also useful in ki no nagare practice in the Iwama Style.
While this video did not discuss this aspect, the idea of a strong attack in Iwama Style Aikido also suggests powerful strikes. In fact, I heard Hitohiro Saito once explain that you should be able to hit hard, and he even talked about practicing on the makiwara (for those familiar with Karate). Sugano Sensei taught that in Aikido strikes are only used to distract an opponent so you could do another technique without harming them. If you wanted to learn how to strike hard, he suggested studying other martial arts. However, he did mention that in Aikido, while damaging strikes are not taught, you can figure out how to do them on your own through training.
I think the material covered is largely the same. The difference is in how Morihiro Saito brought the methods of challenging the attacker strongly in right from the beginning of static practice. It is a subtle difference, but defines Saito Sensei’s approach. His process of teaching was step by step. With Sugano Sensei, you had to study hard to understand one simple sentence which defined the target of the practice.
Here we have a video of ki no nagare practice in Aikido:
Let’s talk about how the training method of Sugano Sensei works here vis a vis Saito Sensei.
Saito Sensei said that there are many great teachers in Aikido and you can learn a lot from them. This is certainly true of Sugano Sensei. But Saito Sensei also recognized his responsibility as the longest live in student of the founder and one with the complete transmission of the art to keep the founder’s training methods alive. He explained that he was not free to change the way Aikido was taught, especially given that he was running the founder’s dojo. Sugano Sensei did.
When Sugano Sensei moved into western civilization to share what he learned from the founder, he immersed himself in the culture. He became a competitive marksman and western style sword fencer. In fact, he was at the top of the charts in both. He used this to understand the western mind and come up with a training method that would resonate with westerners. Ultimately, he came up with a system with a heavy emphasis on training in timing.
Notice in this video how the throw is decided and essentially completed even before the attacker makes contact.
I recall a little over 10 years ago I had to teach a class at a seminar and present Sugano Sensei’s training method. He was not one to talk philosophy during class. You simply mimicked him in practice and had to research things on your own. So before I taught the class, I went up to him to confirm that what I explain below represents how his training works. He agreed.
Sugano Sensei taught the development of perception. The idea is to perceive the intention of the attacker before the attack is launched. People used to ask him how to develop this perception, and he routinely answered, “just practice.” While some thought he was ducking the question, in fact he was giving the most direct answer.
When we prepare to attack, we routinely start with a concept of ourselves as our body, the other person as their body and the attack as something we will get this body to do. All of these concepts are not an accurate depiction of reality. They are concepts. Reality is the bare physical presence of the body as it engages in the movements. When our mind locks onto these concepts, as it can really only do one thing at a time, it loses the ability to perceive and interact with the real world. Our perception shuts down. It is like fighting half blind, or worse. The conceptualizing mind in this fashion acts as an obstruction to our perception.
When Sugano Sensei said “just practice,” he really meant ONLY practice. Practice does not include this conceptualizing mind. To JUST practice, one needs to clear their mind of these concepts that act as an obstruction to our effectiveness. While seemingly simple, these subtle concepts are ingrained on deeply unconscious levels and require substantial training in awareness to uproot. In essence, one must make the entirety of their unconscious mind conscious, which is obviously difficult for most of us.
So far it seems fairly straight forward. But recall in earlier posts I mentioned that Sugano Sensei did have strong hips, and knew how to take an attacker’s balance. Where was one supposed to get these skills if one never trains in them? The answer is interesting. If you look carefully at how you align your body in static practice to generate power – to use strong hips – you may notice the conceptualizing mind here also obstructing your effectiveness. Timing practice is a means to clear obstructions. But these obstructions to effectiveness in timing are the exact same obstructions to using strong hips. So if you develop skill in timing by clearing these obstructions, the development or strong hips is a byproduct. So is the means to connect with a partner and the other principles of Aikido training.
So if we think about this logically, timing practice leads to the same result as Saito Sensei’s training method. So why should one prefer one to the other? The only answer I can give is that the training method evolved out of the teacher’s success in clearing their obstructions to perceive which will be the most effective for their students.
Note Saito Sensei’s exquisite timing here as well as powerful technique in this video. Both Sugano Sensei and Saito Sensei agreed that Saito Sensei made far more progress in that area. Also, Saito Sensei had substantial experience training westerners. So Sugano Sensei was a great teacher from which you could learn a lot about Aikido. If that was your only opportunity to learn, it is an excellent choice. However, we all have a responsibility to learn as much as we can about Aikido and pass it on. So to the extent we can learn the Iwama System of Morihiro Saito as well, we have a responsibility to do so as it is a deeper training method.
This is an interesting technique to compare. Sugano Sensei relied entirely upon timing to throw the attacker. He would turn 180 degrees and then step almost straight back to execute the technique. If you get there before the attacker, this works fine. But if the attacker catches up to you, he could turn and face you with a strike.
In the Iwama system, you don’t have to project the attacker’s punch by continuing it along the straight line of its origin. You can bring it in front of your center when you turn 180 degrees. Then when the attacker turns to try and catch up to you, facing you with a strike, you don’t have to step straight back. You can step back further behind the attacker so they have a harder time keeping up. Of course, in faster flowing technique, you can do it either way. Observe the video:
Sugano Sensei was clear that Aikido did not include taking the balance of the attacker as in this video. Instead, he relied upon using their force and extending it further than they expected. For anyone who took falls from him, you would know his technique as highly effective. However, it is difficult for me to fathom that someone on the level of Sugano Sensei was unaware of the practice of taking balance in Aikido. He did have a tendency to get people to focus on his basics for years before allowing them to advance, those basics being timing. He did show me static technique once, and had a very good understanding despite never teaching it in the dojo. So I suspect he would know how to take balance if his timing failed him, but did not teach that aspect of the practice in NY as his focus was still timing. You can see this technique here at 20 seconds:
In the Iwama system, the basics include taking balance first, and then you can use the timing aspects simultaneously. You have the tools Sugano Sensei offered, plus some additional from earlier on in the practice. Sugano Sensei’s method of training was more focused.
Again, here Sugano Sensei did not break out and specify this speed of training. The closest he may have come is when working with a beginner – right after they got the footwork, he might tell them to execute the technique without stopping. He did not go into how to lead the mind of the attacker, but just wanted to get them moving. He didn’t specify blending as the underlying principle, or getting them to match the timing.
The Iwama system is much more precise here. The point is to develop certain skills in basic practice, and then introduce those skills into a flowing practice. Saito Sensei’s key point was that if someone grabs you powerfully in an attack, you should be able to handle it. By bringing the skills from the basics practice into the flowing technique, you retain the ability to respond to strong grabs.
This approach highlights how the Iwama system begins as a very physical practice and then migrates the a more mental emphasis in ki-no-nagare flowing technique. Sugano Sensei’s approach jumped to emphasize the mental side almost immediately. His training methods came from studying the mind and culture of westerners to try to identify the most effective way to communicate what he learned from the founder.
I will be going over our YouTube video series that provides a snapshot of the Iwama Aikido system’s curriculum. (Feel free to check our YouTube Channel for more information). As I do so, I will comment here comparing the instructional methods from Sugano Sensei and Morihiro Saito Sensei. As I studied with Sugano Sensei for 20 years in New York, I am quite familiar with his approach.
I would say first that Sugano Sensei did have personal differences with Saito Sensei. However, he did let me know that he had great respect for his knowledge of Aikido. Saito Sensei did look at Sugano’s approach to Aikido as a senior would to a junior.
So here is the first video going over basics:
Sugano Sensei taught that there were two forms of practice in Aikido: static and flowing. That said, in 20 years the only time I ever saw him teach static technique was when I asked him to. For beginners, he would help them just get the basic footwork, and then go right into flowing technique. Saito Sensei, on the other hand, explained that in the founder’s dojo, you would have to train in static technique for 10 years – or 3rd degree blackbelt – before moving on to flowing technique. Saito Sensei did relax those rules, but there was tremendous emphasis on the basics in his classes.
Saito Sensei said that there are many good teachers in Aikido and you can learn a lot from them. I certainly took advantage of that with Sugano Sensei. I learned a lot and appreciate what he taught me. Saito Sensei explained that since he inherited the founder’s dojo, he restricted himself to teach exactly as the founder taught. He did not have the freedom to change things as did Sugano Sensei. Keeping the founder’s tradition alive and well was certainly a wonderful gift.
In this video, I talk about strong hips. In 20 years I never heard Sugano Sensei talk about this. But strong hips he definitely possessed – not only on two legs, but even after one leg was amputated.
In another interesting difference, Sugano Sensei was very specific. He said in Aikido you do not learn to take the attacker’s balance. He demonstrated stopping the motion of the attack, only so you can start it again to take the person’s balance. He explained this was not done in Aikido. In the Iwama system, as you see we started from a static position. At the completion of the last technique, shomenuchi iriminage, you see I did take the attacker’s balance. Taking balance is studied in Iwama Style Aikido.
Sugano Sensei had a different avenue to access the basics of Aikido which I will discuss more when we get to the videos on ki-no-nagare flowing practice. That was the focus of his instruction, and I will try to explain there how he backed into the development of strong hips at that point.
Another question on strategy…this time between Anderson Silva & Yushin Okami. First, note the movements Silva used to evade the double leg take downs. Then what strategies were they using. (Note the actual fight starts at time 2:26). Use the strategy articles on the blog from Musashi’s “Book of Five Rings.” Let’s discuss…
You can find the fight with this link. Watch at minimum the minute marks in bold below:
You can get the background on the fight in the first 2 minutes. The fight is fairly long. You can get the feel of what was happening in the first 4 rounds of the fight with part of round 4 (this part is optional if you have time at 33-35 minutes). Then you can see round 5 from 36-41 minutes or so. It is also helpful to view the interviews starting at 42-43:30 minutes or so.
Then let us know what you think of the strategies used in your comments…
This is an incomplete video of the fight. You can see the entire 2-3 minutes here http://www.boobootv.com/2010/08/30/randy-couture-vs-james-toney-full-fight/ if you give it time to load and start at the 3 minute mark. It ends in about 3 minutes.
So can you figure out which strategy he used? How many different strategies? If you want to know about strategy in real self defense situations, in business or anywhere, this will really help you.
If you want some hints, check out the Firebook chapter of Miyamoto Musashi’s “A Book of Five Rings.” He goes through the basic strategies and subsidiary strategies, which we discuss in Aikido classes from time to time. You can find it in our library (username and password are both: sa). Just go to http://www.scarsdaleaikido.com/Library/A-Book-of-Five-Rings825.html , put in the username and password, go about 2/3 of the way down and you will see the Firebook chapter. The strategies list starts at “The Three Methods to Forestall the Enemy.”
If you want to comment or discuss, feel free to post it here. Later this entry will be listed on the Video Discussion page for reference…